Treatments include birth control pills to regularise periods, medication called metformin to prevent diabetes, statins to control high cholesterol, hormones to increase fertility and procedures to remove excess hair.
If you have oily skin, missed periods, or trouble managing your weight, you may think those issues are just a normal part of your life. But such frustrations could actually be signs that you have polycystic ovary (or ovarian) syndrome, also known as PCOS
Abnormal bleeding management
Abnormal uterine bleeding is any heavy or unusual bleeding from the uterus (through your vagina). It can occur at any time during your monthly cycle, including during your normal menstrual period.
Vaginal bleeding between periods is one symptom of abnormal uterine bleeding. Having extremely heavy bleeding during your period can also be considered abnormal uterine bleeding. Very heavy bleeding during a period and/or bleeding that lasts more than 7 days is called menorrhagia. For example, women may bleed enough to soak through 1 or more tampons or sanitary pads every hour.
Menopause is a stage in life when you stop having your monthly period. It’s a normal part of aging and marks the end of your reproductive years. Menopause typically occurs in your late 40s to early 50s. However, women who have their ovaries surgically removed undergo "sudden" surgical menopause.
Common symptoms include hot flashes and vaginal dryness. There may also be sleep disturbances. The combination of these symptoms can cause anxiety or depression
Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread.
Cervical cancer is the only gynecologic cancer for which there is a specific screening test, the Pap smear. The Pap test helps prevent cervical cancer by finding precancerous cells that might eventually become cervical cancer.
The Papanicolaou test is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially precancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix or colon. Abnormal findings are often followed up by more sensitive diagnostic procedures and, if warranted, interventions that aim to prevent progression to cervical cancer.
You’ll lie on a table with your feet placed firmly in stirrups. You’ll spread your legs, and your doctor will insert a metal or plastic tool (speculum) into your vagina. They’ll open it so that it widens the vaginal walls. This allows them to see your cervix. Your doctor will use a swab to take a sample of cells from your cervix. They’ll place them into a liquid substance in a small jar, and send them to a lab for review.
Before beginning treatment, the prescriber or patient may choose referral to a healthcare professional with expertise in pregnancy prevention.
Contraception counseling is an important part of the patient choosing her two contraceptive forms. If practitioners are not comfortable providing this counseling, they are encouraged to take advantage of the opportunity to refer patients to a qualified counselor.
Copper T Insertion
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a form of birth control that your doctor places inside your uterus. Once it’s inside, it will protect against pregnancy for up to 10 years, depending on the type you get.
IUD insertion is a quick procedure that's done in your doctor's office or a clinic. Knowing what to expect can help you get ready and ease any worries you might have.
The hormonal IUDs are small ‘T- shaped’ plastic devices that are inserted into the uterus (womb). The hormonal IUDs contain progestogen. This is a synthetic version of the hormone progesterone made naturally by the ovaries. The hormonal IUDs have a coating (membrane) that controls the slow release of progestogen into the uterus.
The procedure takes about five minutes and is non-surgical. Most of the time, women don’t have any problems after insertion. But, sometimes Mirena IUD insertion can have complications. These include perforation of the uterus, nausea, bleeding or cramping.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy /Myomectomy
Myomectomy is a type of surgery used to remove uterine fibroids. Your doctor might recommend this surgery if your fibroids are causing symptoms such as:
A myomectomy can be done one of three ways:
- Abdominal myomectomy lets your surgeon removes your fibroids through an open surgical cut in your lower belly.
- Laparoscopic myomectomy allows your surgeon toremove your fibroids through several small incisions. This may be done robotically. It’s less invasive and recovery is faster than with abdominal myomectomy.
- Hysteroscopic myomectomyrequires your surgeon to use a special scope to remove your fibroids through your vagina and cervix.
Vaginal prolapse treatment
Vaginal prolapse happens when the muscles that support the organs in a woman’s pelvis weaken. This weakening allows the uterus, urethra, bladder, or rectum to droop down into the vagina. If the pelvic floor muscles weaken enough, these organs can even protrude out of the vagina.
Paediatric and adolescent gynaecology involves the care of young women and their special needs as their bodies change and grow into adulthood. Diagnosis and management of common problems in gynaecology in this age group requires knowledge regarding congenital reproductive anomalies, disorders of gender development, reproductive endocrinopathies, gender identity, and gynaecologic malignancies.
Gynaecologic disease states in paediatric patients frequently present with vulval and vaginal manifestations, while those in the adolescent age range present as abdominal-pelvic pain and abnormal menstrual bleeding. A case-based learning of common childhood gynaecologic disorders and their treatment is presented.
The HPV vaccine helps protect you against certain types of HPV that can lead to cancer or genital warts. Also known by the brand name Gardasil 9, the HPV vaccine protects against:
All people ages 9 to 45 can get the HPV vaccine to protect against genital warts and/or different types of HPV that can cause cancer. It’s recommended that children get the vaccine at age 11 or 12, so they’re fully protected years before they become sexually active.